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Before we can discuss why it is essential for young children to learn more about phonics, we need to learn just what phonics is. Phonics is recognizing that sounds and letters have a partnership; also known as it is the link in between what we state and what we can read and compose. Phonics is the initial strategy that young readers will need to sound out words. In preschool or nursery school, kids begin to establish their listening skills so that they can listen to the various sounds in words, laying the foundation to learn names and also sounds. The next action happens in primary school, where children learn the letters of the alphabet in an established order, as well as the sound of each letter. Once that is learned, children can begin to sound out and also read short, simple words. Kids learn that the letter C has the sound of a “c” as in “cat”, as well as will certainly then learn exactly how to mix the remaining letter sounds, “c-a-t”, to pronounce the word. Method makes perfect, and after working with brief as well as basic words, children’s confidence will expand and also they will certainly be able to make the link of letter sounds to much more complex words, all while enjoying a new love of reading. Below is a list of “buzzwords” to aid you on your way to teach your child to read.
- Phonics: utilizing the sound made by a letter and groups of letters to read words.
- Decoding: using the expertise of phonics to sound out and read words.
- Grapheme: a written single letter or group of letters, like “s”, “a”, or “she”.
- Diagraph: two letters that make one sound with each other, for example “sh”.
- Phoneme: the sound a letter or group of letters make. An example is the word “mat”, which has 3 phonemes, “m”, “a”, and also “t”.
- Sounding Out: using your phonic knowledge to help you say the sounds within a word; e.g., “r-e-d”, pronouncing each phoneme.
- Blending: reading the sounds in words all together to read the whole word; e.g., “r-e-d, red” or “m-o-m, mom”.
- High-Frequency Words: also called “typical exemption words”, we utilize these common words typically, but aren’t always decodable using phonics. Examples of high-frequency words are, “the”, “one”, and “where”; children are taught to recognize these words on sight.
In school, instructors provide youngsters lots of time as well as method when dealing with phonics. Working with phonics in my class, children read short, very easy books, consisting of a specific letter sound or words they are working on, allowing them to build understanding and also confidence towards phonics. As a moms and dad, it can be a little a problem attempting to work out the most effective ways to support your kids in the early stages of reading, especially since teaching approaches are constantly changing, as well as are sure to have changed since you were in school! Learning about phonics does not need to begin and stop within the walls of the classroom. As an educator, I have actually come up with numerous methods to work on phonics with your child from the convenience of your own home. A few of those ways are:
Form a collaboration with the teacher
Ask your child’s teacher exactly how you can highlight reading and also phonics inside the home and feel free to reveal any worries you may have.
Pay attention to your child read
If you discover when reading with your child that they stumble on a word, urge them to utilize phonics to sound it out. If they are still not sure after sounding words out, do not be discouraged, give the word and also some urge to your child to get the following one right!
When reading with your child, take breaks from the story to ask questions like, “What do you think will take place next?” or “Can you make up a different ending to the story?”
Reread familiar books
If you see your child wants to reread their much-loved book, that’s okay! In fact, it’s beneficial as it reveals a wish to read, builds fluency, as well as develops self-confidence in your child as they can show reading by themselves with little to recognize assistance.
When picking a book to read, pick a book that excites your child and also their interests, as well as, if you can, utilize various voices for each character!
Spread the joy of reading
Keeping a lot of books and/or magazines around the home will show your child how valuable reading is, while cultivating a lifelong love of reading
As soon as your child has learned to read words with one of the most typical letter-sound mixes, they will certainly move on to learn other, harder combinations. With day-to-day practice, your child will be well on their way to reading practically any kind of familiar word in the English language! Teaching children is not a simple job, as well as if after reading these actions you’re left really feeling a little overwhelmed, no need to stress, I have an option for that as well! Click the link below to see just how Sarah Shepard, a fellow educator, has taught over 35,000 children exactly how to read with her program Reading Head Start!